rare earth metal environmental protection

Rare Earth Metal Environmental Protection

Rare Earth Metals and the Environment | RecycleNation

Rare earth metals are found in an ever-increasing number of products we use every day, and there are major environmental concerns and serious health issues associated with the extractions of these metals. In an effort to educate myself, I read a number of different articles and studies until I found one that really described in detail rare earths, environmental impacts, applications of rare ...

Rare Earth Metals: Will We Have Enough?

Sep 19, 2012 · More mining of rare earth metals, however, will mean more environmental degradation and human health hazards. All rare earth metals contain radioactive elements such as uranium and thorium, which can contaminate air, water, soil and groundwater.

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

Introduction to the Rare Earth Elements • 15 lanthanides • La through Lu – Pm is rare in nature – mostly human-made • Plus scandium and yttrium are often included • a.k.a. Rare Earth Minerals, Oxides, and/or Metals 5/21/2012 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3. Powders of six rare earth elements oxides. Photograph by

Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks ...

Jan 28, 2013 · Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks The mining of rare earth metals, used in everything from smart phones to wind turbines, has long been dominated by China. But as mining of these key elements spreads to countries like Malaysia and Brazil, scientists warn of the dangers of the toxic and radioactive waste generated by the ...

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is charged by Congress with protecting the Nation’s land, air, and water resources. Under a mandate of national ... This document provides a description of the many environmental facets of the rare earth mining and disposal issues, and explains the need for a national strategy for ...

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

----- Rare Earth Elements Review Section 3 - Life-Cycle Stages of Rare Earth Elements Mines In general, if mines are located on or adjacent to federally managed lands or will have discharges to surface water then an Environmental Information Document (BID), also known as an Environmental Study or Environmental Report under some programs, is ...

Environmental Damage - MIT

The list of environmental concerns that can be connected with rare earth elements is not a brief one. Throughout the cycle of mining processes that rare earth elements go through, there is potential for negative effects on the environment. Extracting rare earth elements begins with mining. This is followed by the refining process, and then ...

Environmental Cost of Refineries

Some of the smaller rare earth smelting separation facilities do not have any kind of environmental protection at all. These are generally the small, illegal refineries and mines. [6] In China, saponification with ammonia is still used in rare earth refining, so a large amount of waste water is still produced.

Rare-earth element - Wikipedia

A rare-earth element (REE) or rare-earth metal (REM), as defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, is one of a set of seventeen stone elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium.

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